The Holocaust and Wales: Kristallnacht 1


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On 9 and 10 November 1938, the Nazi regime conducted a series of attacks called ‘pogroms’ against the Jewish population in Germany and other Nazi-occupied territories. This event became known as Kristallnacht or ‘Night of Broken Glass’ because of the shattered glass that filled the streets after the vandalism and destruction of synagogues, Jewish-owned businesses and homes. In this collection of resources, we explore former Welsh resident, Julius Weil’s recollections of this devastating event. Julius Weil died in Cardiff in 2021.

Image above: Arnold Weil, Köln, April 1936. Jewish History Association of South Wales/Cymdeithas Hanes Iddewig De Cymru (JHASW/CHIDC).


Kristallnacht 1: Memories of Kristallnacht. 

This lesson introduces learners to Kristallnacht using Julius Weil’s testimony and other photographs and information. Students are asked to use these sources to write a newspaper report.


This resource was produced as part of the 'Côf a lithr, llythyrau a geidw: creating Holocaust resources for Welsh schools' partnership project between Centre for the Movement of People (CMOP), Aberystwyth University, and Jewish History Association of South Wales/Cymdeithas Hanes Iddewig De Cymru (JHASW/CHIDC). The project is kindly supported by the Association of Jewish Refugees, Charles Wolfson Charitable Trust, Jewish Historical Society of England and Garfield Weston Foundation.


Key Stage 4

History, Literacy skills


Learning Activity Pack

This resource provides learning activities for your students using our website. It is one of two on the topic of 'Kristallnacht’. Here is a link to the other resource in this series:

Kristallnacht 2


See the Quick Links below for content to accompany this resource.

Download Teaching Resource

Kristallnacht_L1_Cynllun_Gwers.pdf (Opens in a new window) Kristallnacht_L1_Taflen_Wybodaeth.pdf (Opens in a new window) Kristallnacht_L1_Lesson Plan.pdf (Opens in a new window) Kristallnacht_L1_Information Sheet.pdf (Opens in a new window)


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