The Holocaust and Wales: Kristallnacht 2


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On 9 and 10 November 1938, the Nazi regime conducted a series of attacks called ‘pogroms’ against the Jewish population in Germany and other Nazi-occupied territories. This event became known as Kristallnacht or ‘Night of Broken Glass’ because of the shattered glass that filled the streets after the vandalism and destruction of synagogues, Jewish-owned businesses and homes. In this collection of resources, we explore former Welsh resident, Julius Weil’s recollections of this devastating event. Julius Weil died in Cardiff in 2021.

Image above: Interior view of the destroyed Fasanenstraße Synagogue, Berlin, burned during the November Pogroms, November 1938. Center for Jewish History, New York City. Courtesy of Leo Baeck Institute.


Kristallnacht 2: The last bar mitzvah

Following on from Kristallnacht lesson 1, this second lesson explores Julius Weil’s account of his bar mitzvah, the last to take place in the Glockengasse Synagogue before it was destroyed during Kristallnacht. Students will explore the impact of this event in a creative way, producing their own small installations.


This resource was produced as part of the 'Côf a lithr, llythyrau a geidw: creating Holocaust resources for Welsh schools' partnership project between Centre for the Movement of People (CMOP), Aberystwyth University, and Jewish History Association of South Wales/Cymdeithas Hanes Iddewig De Cymru (JHASW/CHIDC). The project is kindly supported by the Association of Jewish Refugees, Charles Wolfson Charitable Trust, Jewish Historical Society of England and Garfield Weston Foundation.


Key Stage 4

History, Literacy skills


Learning Activity Pack

This resource provides learning activities for your students using our website. It is one of two on the topic of 'Kristallnacht’. Here is a link to the other resource in this series:

Kristallnacht 1


See the Quick Links below for content to accompany this resource.

Download Teaching Resource

Kristallnacht_L2_Cynllun_Gwers.pdf (Opens in a new window) Kristallnacht_L2_Tasg_Grŵp.pdf (Opens in a new window) Kristallnacht_L2_Lesson_Plan.pdf (Opens in a new window) Kristallnacht_L2_Group_Task.pdf (Opens in a new window)


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