arrowbookcheckclosecommentfacebookfavourite-origfavouritegooglehomeibapdfsearchsharespotlighttwitterwelsh-government
  • An essay on childbirth amongst the poor of north Cardiganshire, c. 1837, folio 1r [image 1 of 23]

  • View map
Map 1st Edition (1868-1892) 2nd Edition (1899-1908) 3rd Edition (1920-1932) 4th Edition (1938-1954) Tithe Map
  • Use stars to collect & save items A vector image of star to represent action to save this item   Login to save this item
  • Download (non-commercial use only)

Content can be downloaded for non-commercial purposes, such as for personal use or in educational resources.
For commercial purposes please contact the copyright holder directly.
Read more about the The Creative Archive Licence.

Image 1:Download link to the full resolution of image number 1
full resolution of image 1
Image 2:Download link to the full resolution of image number 2
full resolution of image 2
Image 3:Download link to the full resolution of image number 3
full resolution of image 3
Image 4:Download link to the full resolution of image number 4
full resolution of image 4
Image 5:Download link to the full resolution of image number 5
full resolution of image 5
Image 6:Download link to the full resolution of image number 6
full resolution of image 6
Image 7:Download link to the full resolution of image number 7
full resolution of image 7
Image 8:Download link to the full resolution of image number 8
full resolution of image 8
Image 9:Download link to the full resolution of image number 9
full resolution of image 9
Image 10:Download link to the full resolution of image number 10
full resolution of image 10
Image 11:Download link to the full resolution of image number 11
full resolution of image 11
Image 12:Download link to the full resolution of image number 12
full resolution of image 12
Image 13:Download link to the full resolution of image number 13
full resolution of image 13
Image 14:Download link to the full resolution of image number 14
full resolution of image 14
Image 15:Download link to the full resolution of image number 15
full resolution of image 15
Image 16:Download link to the full resolution of image number 16
full resolution of image 16
Image 17:Download link to the full resolution of image number 17
full resolution of image 17
Image 18:Download link to the full resolution of image number 18
full resolution of image 18
Image 19:Download link to the full resolution of image number 19
full resolution of image 19
Image 20:Download link to the full resolution of image number 20
full resolution of image 20
Image 21:Download link to the full resolution of image number 21
full resolution of image 21
Image 22:Download link to the full resolution of image number 22
full resolution of image 22
Image 23:Download link to the full resolution of image number 23
full resolution of image 23

Description

This essay was written by Dr Richard Williams, a surgeon in Great Darkgate Street, Aberystwyth and its full title reads

'Observations on parturition amongst the poor in the upper district of Cardiganshire'.

Dr Williams begins his essay by giving a brief account of the history of Wales and the county of Cardiganshire before going on describe, in fascinating detail, not only the ways in which women gave birth but also their courting habits and living conditions. He is very critical of the moral standards of the peasantry but is more tolerant of some of their customs.

Further background information on Dr Richard Williams, as well as a full transcript of the essay, is provided in Emyr Wyn Jones, 'Medical Glimpse of Early Nineteenth Century Cardiganshire, 'National Library of Wales Journal' (1966), pp. 253-275.

The first page reads as follows:

"Observation on Parturition amongst the poor in the Upper District of Cardiganshire

About the year 870 Rodericus Magnus King of Wales divided his Territories into Three Kingdoms which continued until of late days.

These three were Gwynedh or North Wales, Deheubarth South Wales and Mathrafal Powysland or Western Wales.

These Kingdoms were again divided into Cantreds and Comots, all of which must here be passed over for the purpose of arriving at Caredigion in the Kingdom of Deheubarth or as it is afterwards called Dynefawr.

In this Division we find Cantref Syrwen with its two Comots Gwenionyth and Iscoed, known in English as Cardiganshire and in Welsh as Swydh Aberteifi.

This is a Champion Country without much wood and hath been divers times...

Comments (0)

You must be logged in to leave a comment