Photographed by John Thomas, c. 1875.
Sarah Jane Rees (Cranogwen, 1839-1916) was born in Llangrannog, the daughter of a ship's captain. She received some instruction in navigation at the local school and later taught navigation and mathematics herself at schools in Cardiganshire, Liverpool and London. Cranogwen was much affected by the 1859 Religious Revival and became a Band of Hope leader and Sunday school teacher; she also took up preaching. She was also a poet and writer and in 1879 became editor of 'Y Frythones' (The Female Briton), an independent Welsh-language magazine for women. Cranogwen is perhaps best known for her role in the temperance movement and was one of the founding members of 'Undeb Dirwestol Merched De Cymru' (The South Wales Women's Temperance Union) in 1901. Following her death, 'Llety Cranogwen', a refuge for homeless women and girls was established in her memory in the Rhondda in 1922.