The Holocaust and Wales: Kristallnacht 1


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On 9 and 10 November 1938, the Nazi regime conducted a series of attacks called ‘pogroms’ against the Jewish population in Germany and other Nazi-occupied territories. This event became known as Kristallnacht or ‘Night of Broken Glass’ because of the shattered glass that filled the streets after the vandalism and destruction of synagogues, Jewish-owned businesses and homes. In this collection of resources, we explore former Welsh resident, Julius Weil’s recollections of this devastating event. Julius Weil died in Cardiff in 2021.

Image above: Arnold Weil, Köln, April 1936. Jewish History Association of South Wales/Cymdeithas Hanes Iddewig De Cymru (JHASW/CHIDC).


Kristallnacht 1: Memories of Kristallnacht. 

This resource introduces learners to Kristallnacht using Julius Weil’s testimony and other photographs and information. Students are asked to use these sources to write a newspaper report.


This resource was produced as part of the 'Côf a lithr, llythyrau a geidw: creating Holocaust resources for Welsh schools' partnership project between Centre for the Movement of People (CMOP), Aberystwyth University, and Jewish History Association of South Wales/Cymdeithas Hanes Iddewig De Cymru (JHASW/CHIDC). The project is kindly supported by the Association of Jewish Refugees, Charles Wolfson Charitable Trust, Jewish Historical Society of England and Garfield Weston Foundation.


Curriculum for Wales

Health and Wellbeing, Humanities, Languages, Literacy and Communication

Age: 14-16 / Progression Step: 5


Learning Activity Pack

This resource provides learning activities for your students using our website. It is one of two on the topic of 'Kristallnacht’. Here is a link to the other resource in this series:

Kristallnacht 2


See the Quick Links below for content to accompany this resource.

Curriculum for Wales

age: 14-16 / Progression Step 5
age: 14-16 / Progression Step 5
age: 14-16 / Progression Step 5

Download Learning Resource

Kristallnacht_L1_Cynllun_Gwers.pdf (Opens in a new window) Kristallnacht_L1_Taflen_Wybodaeth.pdf (Opens in a new window) Kristallnacht_L1_Lesson Plan.pdf (Opens in a new window) Kristallnacht_L1_Information Sheet.pdf (Opens in a new window)

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